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The Best 10 Types of Roof Styles

Date: July 18, 2023


The roof style you choose for your home plays a significant role in its overall aesthetics and determines its functionality, durability, and energy efficiency. With a wide range of roof styles available, deciding which one suits your needs best can be overwhelming. In this blog post, we will explore the 10 types of roof styles, highlighting their unique features and benefits to help you make an informed decision for your home.

What Are the Top 10 Types of Roof Styles?

Gable Roof

The gable roof is a classic and popular style characterized by two sloping sides that meet at a ridge, forming a triangular shape. It offers cost-effectiveness, efficient water drainage, ample attic space, and compatibility with various architectural styles. The steep angle allows for easy snow shedding and the installation of solar panels. It's a timeless and visually appealing choice for homeowners and builders. 

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Key Features:

  • Excellent water and snow runoff: The steep slopes allow water and snow to slide off easily, minimizing the risk of leaks and structural damage.
  • Good ventilation: The triangular shape promotes natural ventilation, helping regulate temperature and preventing moisture buildup.
  • Ample attic space: The design allows for more headroom and usable space compared to other roof styles.

Hip Roof

The hip roof boasts a visually pleasing and symmetrical design with slopes on all four sides that converge at a central ridge. This architectural style offers both aesthetic appeal and practical advantages. Its slanted sides provide excellent stability and resistance against strong winds, making it a popular choice in areas prone to hurricanes or high winds. The hip roof's sloping design also facilitates efficient water drainage, reducing the risk of leaks and water damage. Its timeless elegance and functional benefits make the hip roof a sought-after option for those seeking both style and reliability in their roofing choice.

Key Features:

  • Enhanced stability: The slopes on all sides make it more resistant to high winds, providing better strength and durability.
  • Additional living space: The design allows for the creation of attics or vaulted ceilings, offering extra living or storage space.
  • Aesthetically pleasing: The clean lines and symmetrical shape create an elegant and timeless appearance.

Mansard Roof

The mansard roof, renowned for its association with French architecture, features a distinct design that includes double slopes on all four sides, with the lower slope being steeper than the upper slope. This unique style offers both aesthetic charm and practical advantages. The steep, more downward slope allows for increased living or storage space within the attic, making it an excellent choice for maximizing usable square footage in a building.

Furthermore, the mansard roof's symmetrical appearance adds a touch of elegance to any structure, evoking a sense of timeless beauty and sophistication. Its combination of architectural appeal and functional versatility has made the mansard roof a beloved choice for those seeking a blend of style and practicality in their roofing selection. 

Key Features:

  • Additional living space: The steep slopes provide ample attic space, which can be converted into living quarters or extra storage.
  • Versatile design: The unique shape allows for creative design options and compatibility with various architectural styles.
  • Aesthetic appeal: Mansard roofs add charm and character to a home, creating a distinctive and elegant look.

Gambrel Roof

The gambrel roof, frequently found adorning barns and farmhouses, showcases a distinctive design characterized by two distinct slopes on each side, with the lower slope being notably steeper than the upper slope. This architectural style seamlessly blends both aesthetic appeal and practical functionality. The steeper, more downward slope of the gambrel roof allows for ample headspace and increased storage capacity, making it an ideal choice for maximizing usable space within the attic or upper levels.

Its unique silhouette adds a touch of rustic charm and evokes a sense of traditional countryside aesthetics. The gambrel roof remains a beloved choice for those seeking a visually captivating and space-efficient roofing solution that harmonizes effortlessly with farmhouse and barn-style architecture, embodying heritage and functionality in one graceful structure.

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Key Features:

  • Maximizes attic space: The design provides more usable space in the attic or upper floors, allowing for better utilization of the available square footage.
  • Classic appearance: Gambrel roofs offer a timeless, barn-like aesthetic, giving homes a unique and charming character.
  • Easy construction: Gambrel roofs are relatively straightforward to construct compared to some other roof styles.

Flat Roof

Flat roofs, characterized by their horizontal or nearly horizontal design, have become a staple of modern architecture, seamlessly blending functionality and contemporary aesthetics. While not truly flat, these roofs possess a slight pitch for efficient water drainage. Flat roofs offer numerous advantages, such as providing additional usable space for rooftop gardens, solar panels, or recreational areas, making them a versatile option for urban environments with limited land space.

Their clean lines and minimalist appeal contribute to a sleek and modern aesthetic, enhancing the overall architectural design. With their practicality and modern allure, flat roofs are a popular choice for those seeking a stylish and functional roofing solution that complements contemporary construction. 

Key Features:

  • Usable space: Flat roofs can be used as rooftop gardens, outdoor living areas, or for installing solar panels or HVAC units.
  • Easier maintenance access: With a flat roof, accessing and maintaining the roof becomes simpler than roofs with steep slopes.
  • Cost-effective construction: Flat roofs are generally less expensive due to their simple design and reduced materials.

Butterfly Roof

The butterfly roof stands out as a striking and contemporary architectural style, captivating with its remarkable resemblance to the graceful wings of a butterfly when seen from the side. This innovative roof design creates a visually compelling statement and offers functional advantages. The dual slopes of the butterfly roof channel rainwater towards a central trough, allowing for efficient water collection and potential rainwater harvesting.

The upward angles of the slopes create a sense of openness and spaciousness, allowing ample natural light to permeate the interior spaces. Additionally, the unique shape of the butterfly roof lends itself well to the integration of solar panels, maximizing the potential for harnessing sustainable energy. With its fusion of artistic allure and practical features, the butterfly roof is a testament to modern architectural ingenuity, captivating both the eye and the imagination.

Key Features:

  • Architectural statement: The distinctive design of the butterfly roof adds a striking visual element to contemporary homes.
  • Natural light and ventilation: The upward slopes on both sides create a valley in the middle, allowing for increased sunlight and improved airflow.
  • Rainwater collection: The valley in the middle of the roof can be utilized to collect rainwater for sustainable purposes

Sawtooth Roof

The sawtooth roof showcases a distinct architectural style defined by a series of ridges with dual pitches, evoking the resemblance of a saw's teeth. This unique roof design offers a harmonious blend of aesthetic appeal and practical benefits. The alternating slopes of the sawtooth roof allow an abundance of natural light to flood the interior spaces, making it an ideal choice for buildings requiring ample daylight, such as factories or studios.

The multiple ridges provide an opportunity to install windows or skylights, enhancing the visual interest and ventilation within the structure. With its striking appearance and functional advantages, the sawtooth roof remains a captivating choice for those seeking a balance of architectural creativity and operational efficiency.

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Key Features:

  • Natural light optimization: The vertical windows on the sawtooth roof allow ample natural light to enter the building, making it ideal for industrial and commercial spaces.
  • Energy efficiency: The design maximizes daylight penetration, reducing the need for artificial lighting and potentially lowering energy consumption.
  • Design versatility: The sawtooth roof can be adapted to various building sizes and styles, offering flexibility in architectural design.

Saltbox Roof

The saltbox roof, originating from traditional New England architecture, boasts a distinctive design that combines a long, sloping side with a shorter side featuring a roof. This classic roof style offers a charming blend of historical charm and practicality.

The extended slope of the saltbox roof provides enhanced protection against harsh weather conditions, while the gable end adds architectural interest and visual appeal. Its asymmetrical shape adds character to homes and allows additional living or storage space within the attic. The saltbox roof is a testament to timeless elegance and functional design, making it a beloved choice for those seeking a touch of New England tradition in their architectural aesthetic.

Key Features:

  • Unique and charming design: The asymmetrical shape of the saltbox roof adds character and visual interest to a home.
  • Adequate attic space: The sloping side provides ample room in the attic for storage or potential living areas.
  • Weather resistance: The steep slope facilitates efficient rain and snow runoff, minimizing the risk of leaks or structural damage.

Jerkinhead Roof

The jerkinhead roof, also called a clipped gable roof, seamlessly integrates elements from gable and hip roof designs, resulting in a distinctive architectural style. This roof type showcases gable ends with clipped corners, creating a visually appealing and unique look. The clipped corners soften the sharp angles of traditional gable roofs while retaining the charm and character associated with gable architecture. The jerkinhead roof offers stability, versatility, and aesthetic appeal.

It provides enhanced wind resistance and improved water runoff, making it a practical choice for areas with varying weather conditions. With its blend of gable and hip roof features, the jerkinhead roof is a captivating choice for those seeking a harmonious balance between classic and contemporary roof designs.

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Key Features:

  • Aesthetic appeal: The clipped corners on the gable ends give the jerkinhead roof a unique and visually interesting appearance.
  • Enhanced wind resistance: The combination of gable and hip elements makes it more stable in high winds than a standard gable roof.
  • Ample attic space: The design allows for attic space or vaulted ceilings, providing additional room for storage or living areas.

Skillion Roof

The skillion roof, also called a shed roof, presents a sleek and modern architectural style defined by a single-sloping roof surface. This roof design is typically connected to a taller wall or higher roofline, creating a striking visual contrast. The Skillion roof's simplicity and clean lines make it popular for contemporary and minimalist designs.

Its single slope offers practical benefits, such as efficient water runoff and the potential for easy installation of solar panels. The skillion roof is a testament to modern aesthetics and functional design, providing architectural elegance and practicality in a single, sloping structure.

Key Features:

  • Modern and minimalist design: Skillion roofs are often favored in contemporary architecture for their sleek and simple appearance.
  • Water runoff: The steep slope ensures efficient drainage, reducing the risk of leaks and water damage.
  • Versatile applications: Skillion roofs can be used for individual structures like sheds or carports or as extensions to existing roofs.


Choosing the right roof style for your home is a crucial decision that impacts its visual appeal and functionality. The top 10 types of roof styles discussed in this blog post offer a range of options to suit different architectural styles and personal preferences. Consider factors such as climate, maintenance requirements, and the specific needs of your household when selecting the perfect roof style. Consult with roofing professionals and architects to ensure proper installation and maximize the benefits of your chosen roof style. With the right roof style, you can enhance your home's beauty, durability, and functionality for years to come.

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